Breonna Taylor won’t get ‘true justice’ until officers are fired or convicted, protesters say

Protesters who’ve spent more than 110 days calling for justice for Breonna Taylor said a $12 million settlement that includes several police changes is a step toward closure for the city and the 26-year-old’s family.

But they won’t be satisfied until the officers who shot and killed the unarmed Black woman are fired and criminally charged in relation to her death, several protesters said after the announcement.

“Yes, it’s a pretty decent settlement. Breonna’s family deserves that and a million times more,” said Delaney Haley, a community organizer who has been a regular at protests. “But we won’t have true justice until the cops who did that have to face some kind of repercussions. Fire, arrest, indict, convict. It’s just that simple.”

The demand has remained consistent since protests began in Louisville on May 28, more than two months after Taylor was killed during a narcotics investigation at her apartment.

Several protesters said any settlement seems like a “slap in the face” as long as officers involved in Taylor’s death remain on the city’s payroll.

Officer Bret Hankison was fired in June for his role in the shooting. Sgt. Jonathan Mattingly and officer Myles Cosgrove, who also returned fire at Taylor’s home after Taylor’s boyfriend shot Mattingly, as well as Detective Joshua Jaynes, who applied for a “no-knock” search warrant at her address, remain on administrative reassignment.

“It still does not give closure to that mother who wakes up every day knowing that the men who killed her daughter are getting paid off the backs of taxpayers,” said Shemaeka Shaw, founder of the Broken Hearted Homes Renters Association, a community organization that works to prevent evictions.

Mayor Greg Fischer “could have fired them a long time ago and worried about court cases down the line,” Shaw said.

City officials and attorneys for Taylor’s family announced the settlement during a news conference Tuesday, where Fischer laid out a series of changes involving search warrants, community relations, and police accountability.

The changes include establishing a housing credit program to encourage officers to live within certain low-income census tracts; retaining social workers to support and assist officers on dispatched runs; and requiring a commanding officer to review and approve all search warrants before an officer seeks judicial approval.

Tyra Walker, a special education teacher who co-chairs the Kentucky Alliance Against Racial and Political Repression, said she’s happy the city will hire mental health specialists to work within the police department, but more reforms and community input are needed if Louisville wants to fully improve equality within its criminal justice system.

“We will continue to push for policy change because if we don’t change the policies, we will be back here fighting the same fight 50 years from now, if not sooner. … A change is going to come, and it is going to be a long fight and hard work,” Walker said. “And I’m willing to put in that work.”

During the news conference, attorneys representing Taylor’s family and other speakers agreed that the changes in the settlement are just one step toward achieving justice for Taylor.

Without any reforms, attorney Lonita Baker said, a settlement between the city and Taylor’s family was “non-negotiable.”

“We recognize that this reform is not all-encompassing and there’s still work to be done,” Baker said. “We commit our time, our talent and our resources to continue to work with the community to fight the systemic racism plague in our city.”

Haley agreed the changes are a good start toward improving the police department, but she said she’s wary of incremental changes to a system designed to “oppress people of color.”

“Reforms in such a biased, corrupt system, it sounds good, but we’ve kind of seen these things happen before where they may be doled out to pacify people,” she said. “I’m hoping that’s not the case with this. I hope it’s true reform and makes a large difference in the community. I guess we’ll see.”

Trump isn’t first president to abuse the Constitution, but he’s gone so far we need a reckoning

The Constitution’s carefully designed structure of checks and balances, electoral responsibility, and legal accountability has failed in significant and ominous ways during the Donald Trump presidency, but not all of these failures are unique to Trump. Many build on trends that have been apparent for years and practices engaged in by prior administrations. But they have presented themselves in, particularly extreme or virulent forms during the past four years.

Exactly 233 years after the Constitution was signed, on Sept. 17, 1787, it is worth looking at why this has happened and what we can do about it.

Some of these constitutional failures stem from provisions in the document itself, such as the concentration of military and administrative authority in the person of the president. In such cases, the expansion of presidential power might be expected under the so-called “unitary executive” theory.

But these otherwise innocuous design features present unique dangers when the political system has resulted in the selection of an authoritarian-minded president, or when other constitutional actors fail to produce the counteracting checks intended to hold presidential power in place and assure its responsible use.

Law must require tax return disclosure

The result is that some constitutional provisions have been violated and others have been inexplicably ignored or treated as inconsequential. Still, others have fallen into disuse, altering the Constitution’s balance and in effect tilting power toward a single person. Powers have become rearranged, scrambling the framers’ design and thwarting the checks that each branch properly has on the others.

A few examples prove the point. The core principle underlying constitutional checks and balances is that Congress legislates and the president executes, but recent presidents have abused emergency declarations and executive orders to grasp legislative powers. New laws should bar emergency declarations from lasting more than a fixed number of days without congressional approval, and authorize either house of Congress to challenge any such declarations or executive orders in court. Further, no president should have the power to reprogram funds where Congress has already considered the issue and rejected the funding, such as Trump did by using Defense Department authorizations to partially build his border wall.

No president should be able to evade the Senate confirmation process for political appointees by naming perpetual “acting” appointees as Trump has done, and judicial enforcement processes should give teeth to the Constitution’s emoluments clauses, congressional oversight powers, and the Hatch Act. The law should require presidents to disclose their tax returns. Except to repel a military attack, the power to engage in a war should return to Congress as the founders intended.

In 1944, Friedrich von Hayek wrote an influential book, “The Road to Serfdom,” mapping the tendencies of national socialism to erode democracy and individual freedom. Unchecked and imbalanced government represents another road to serfdom: the tendencies toward the tyrannical concentration of power in a single leader.

Restore our checks and balances

The road back to the rule of law consists of restoring the original understanding of the Constitution. Benjamin Franklin, answering an inquiry about the nature of the government fashioned by the Constitutional Convention, famously answered: “A republic, if you can keep it.”

The experience of present times should inspire Americans to seek to restore the framers’ original design for a constitutional republic — a system of limited government, meaningful checks and balances, and accountable officeholders.

Where governmental structures and practices depart from the Constitution’s plain meaning or clear logic, they are, to put it simply, unconstitutional. And when the executive branch exceeds its constitutional authority, Congress shirks its constitutional duty, or the courts fail to enforce constitutional commands, these institutions place our republican democracy at risk. Worse still, they threaten the liberty — our liberty — that is founded more on the Constitution’s carefully wrought institutional structure and limits on the power of the federal branches than on its enumerated rights.

The way back is to restore our constitutional checks and balances as they were understood from our nation’s founding. Regardless of who wins in November, shoring up these norms serves as the surest safeguard of republican constitutionalism and the rule of law.

New Stimulus Bill—What You Need To Know About A Second Stimulus Check, $200 Unemployment Benefits, PPP And More

On July 27, 2020, Republicans put forth their new stimulus package proposal of approximately $1 trillion called the HEALS Act (the Health, Economic Assistance Liability Protection & Schools Act). The Democrats had previously proposed a $3 trillion+ stimulus package under the “Heroes Act,” but Republicans had rejected it as too broad and too big.

There have been so many news stories and statements about a new stimulus package that it’s difficult to discern what will actually become law. This article describes what you need to know about the likely provisions of the next stimulus bill by answering the most important questions.

1. Will there be a second stimulus payment?

Yes, there will almost certainly be a second stimulus payment, although the specific details are in flux. The most likely result is a second stimulus payment similar to the first payment.

2. How much will the second stimulus payment be?

The second stimulus payment, as proposed by the Republicans on July 27, will likely be:

  • A one-time stimulus payment of $1,200 for each individual
  • A one-time stimulus payment of $2,400 for married or joint filers
  • A one-time stimulus payment of $500 for dependents, with no age restrictions (the CARES Act required dependents to be under 17 years of age)

3. What are the income requirements for eligibility for a second stimulus payment?

In order to qualify for the second stimulus payment, you will likely need to have earned (likely in 2019) less than $75,000 (for individuals) or $150,000 (for married/joint filers).

The original stimulus payment provided that if your income was higher than those limits, then the stimulus payment was reduced by 5% of your adjusted gross income above those limits. It is expected that the second stimulus payment will have a similar provision.

The Republicans initially proposed a $40,000 threshold instead of a $75,000 threshold, but that proposal appears abandoned. The Democrats had proposed a larger stimulus payment (of $2,000 a month) but that will likely not be included in the final package.

4. Will the $600 per week federal supplemental benefit for laid-off employees be extended?

The original CARES Act provided for a $600 per week federal supplemental unemployment benefit payments to laid-off employees. These supplemental benefits expired on July 25 or July 26, depending on the state.

The Democrats want to extend such benefits. The Republicans complained that the $600 is too high because it exceeds the wages of many workers, discouraging them from returning to work.

The Republican package proposed on July 27 offered instead a $200 a week temporary supplement to state unemployment payments. That $200 would then be replaced with a more complicated program that would pay workers 70% of the income they collected before they lost their job. Under the Republican proposal, the states would phase in the 70% formula within two months. Given how arduous it has been for states to handle the massive volume of unemployment claims, it is difficult to see how such an approach is feasible within a reasonable period of time.

This is probably the most contested issue; however, it is expected that some compromise will be reached in the next few weeks.

On July 27, certain California legislators indicated that they would move to pass legislation to fill any gaps in the $600 unemployment benefits if Congress approves a smaller amount, to help Californians during the economic downturn. Legislative leaders expressed the view that such an additional benefit would be crucial to prevent an economic collapse and ensure working families can keep their housing and pay for necessities.

5. Will independent contractors, freelancers, and gig workers continue to receive the extra $600 a week in benefits?

The Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) program contained in the original CARES Act provided federal aid of an extra $600 per week for independent contractors, freelancers, and gig workers adversely affected by Covid-19 and not otherwise eligible for standard unemployment insurance benefits. Under the CARES Act, this aid is scheduled to continue until December 31, 2020. But there is some uncertainty as to how independent contractors, freelancers, and gig workers will be treated, so we may need to wait for the final stimulus bill to alleviate the uncertainty.


6. Will the Payroll Protection Program (PPP) be extended or expanded?

The PPP loan program is due to expire on August 8, 2020, for any new loans. The PPP has been enormously helpful to small businesses by granting favourable forgivable loans.

The Republicans in their new stimulus package proposed expansion of the PPP, including a streamlined forgiveness process and a provision that would allow smaller businesses to take out second PPP loans.

7. Will the new stimulus package include a payroll tax cut?

No. President Trump previously insisted on a payroll tax cut as part of any new stimulus bill. But Treasury Secretary Mnuchin recently proclaimed that a payroll tax cut or payroll tax deferral would not be included initially, but could be added at a later date.

8. Will there be any new student loan forgiveness provisions in the next stimulus package?

While the Democrats included student loan forgiveness provisions as part of their proposed Heroes Act, the Republicans did not, and it is unlikely that any additional student loan forgiveness/deferral provisions will be contained in a final stimulus package.

9. Will there be a “return-to-work” bonus for employees?

Senator Rob Portman (R-OH) had proposed a “return-to-work” bonus, which would provide a financial incentive for people to return to work. The bonus proposed was $450 a week for some period of time if you returned to work by a designated date.

At the moment, it is uncertain as to whether the final stimulus package will include such a bonus.

10. Will there be an aid for states and cities in the new stimulus package?

Republicans and Democrats both recognize that states and cities have been significantly adversely affected by the Covid-19 pandemic.

Democrats have proposed approximately $1 trillion for state and local aid. The Republican proposal of July 27 did not offer state and local government any additional funds, but it does grant them more flexibility in using the existing federal assistance.

Some compromise will be reached on this issue, and thus there is likely to be a meaningful amount available to assist states and cities.

11. Will there be liability protection for litigation arising from the pandemic?

The July 27 Republican package proposes liability protection from lawsuits arising out of the pandemic for businesses, hospitals, and schools, for five years.

The protection would raise the burden of proof for plaintiffs in that they would have to prove that a defendant was “grossly negligent or engaged in willful misconduct,” and also that they violated state and local public health guidelines at the time.

Democrats have expressed opposition to this concept, so expect negotiations on this issue.

12. Will renters living in houses with federally backed mortgages still be protected from evictions for not paying rent?

The CARES Act provided for a moratorium on evictions for renters living in homes with federally backed mortgages, but that expired on July 25, 2020. Landlords, however, are still required to give 30 days’ notice before beginning eviction proceedings. With many courts closed because of the pandemic, eviction proceedings will likely take much longer than 30 days.

The new Republican stimulus package of July 27 proposed extending the moratorium but the extension date is unclear at the moment.

The Republican stimulus package does not provide help for tenants of buildings backed by privately issued mortgages.

13. Will there be funds allocated for testing of Covid-19?

The July 27 Republican proposal provides for $16 billion in new funding for coronavirus testing, as well as clarifying that $9 billion in previously approved funds under the CARES Act will be used for testing.

14. Will there be funds allocated for schools?

The July 27 Republican proposal allocates $100 billion towards schools, with $70 billion targeted for kindergarten through 12th-grade schools and $30 billion for colleges and universities. An additional $5 billion has been proposed to go to Governor’s funds to be allocated for education as the governors see fit.

The Democrats had previously proposed $430 billion for schools.

15. When will a new stimulus bill be passed into law and become effective?

The timing of a new stimulus bill is all dependent on the negotiations between the Democrats and Republicans resulting in a final bill, that is then signed by the president. The best estimate is early August.

The Senate is scheduled to go into recess on August 7. If a new stimulus bill can’t be passed by then or if there isn’t a delay in the recess, neither the House nor the Senate is scheduled to return until after Labor Day (September 7).

Los Angeles-To-Las Vegas High-Speed Train Wins $200 Million Nevada Bond Allocation

XpressWest, a high-speed rail line that will connect Southern California to Las Vegas, won $200 million of private activity bonds from Nevada, a critical final public allocation that allows the company owned by Wall Street investor Wes Edens to raise an additional $800 million for the project.

The Nevada State Board of Finance’s approval for the project, a unit of Edens’ Florida-based Brightline passenger rail service, comes after California awarded it $600 million of private activity bonds in April. XpressWest can sell four times the value of the awards as tax-exempt bonds to private investors, meaning it’s now lined up $3.2 billion of funding from the two states. Including a $1 billion U.S. Department of Transportation allocation in March, XpressWest has lined up $4.2 billion of the 170-mile rail line’s total $5 billion construction cost.

“This plan creates jobs without using taxpayer dollars and without impacting our state’s ability to finance future projects, and will allow a new, convenient mode of transportation between Nevada and California,” Nevada Governor Steve Sisolak said. XpressWest says the project will create a total of 30,000 construction jobs and 1,000 permanent jobs in the neighbouring states once the line is up and running in a few years.

Brightline operates the only privately owned U.S. passenger rail line, currently connecting West Palm Beach to Miami, and is building an extension to Orlando. Edens’ has told Forbes he sees a big opportunity in the U.S. for rapid trains links between middle-distance cities that are too close to fly but a little too far to drive, modelled on the Paris-to-London Eurostar and other private European trains.

The company estimates its West Coast and Florida rail projects will cost a combined $9 billion build but Edens says they will eventually generate “spectacular” profits. Brighten estimates the two projects may haul nearly 20 million passengers in 2026, generate annual revenue of $1.6 billion and operating profit of almost $1 billion a year.

“The lack of passenger travel by train in this country is a travesty,” Edens told Forbes early this year. “It’s a gigantic opportunity.”

The XpressWest line will be built near Interstate-15 and operate electric trains travelling at speeds up to 200 miles an hour to move people between Southern California and Las Vegas in 85 minutes. Construction is to start late this year and the company estimates it will attract 10 million riders annually.

“Large-scale construction projects are a critical piece of rebuilding our economy, and private activity bonds are a perfect mechanism to incentivize the private sector to deliver public benefits,” said Sarah Watterson, chief development officer for XpressWest.

Currently, the California terminus for the XpressWest line is Apple Valley, a high desert community about 90 minutes from Los Angeles, but the project is in talks to extend it to Rancho Cucamonga, a Los Angeles suburb that’s connected to downtown LA via the Metrolink commuter rail service.

Private activity bonds, created by the federal government for high-cost infrastructure projects, are tax-exempt but do not use public funds.

Senate CARES Act 2.0 Includes More Stimulus Checks, Unemployment Benefits

In March of 2020, the Senate passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act or the CARES Act. It was bigger than the original Senate proposal but smaller than the subsequent House proposal. Eventually, the two reconciled and the CARES Act became law.

In May of 2020, the House introduced and passed a new COVID-19 economic relief proposal. The bill, known as the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act, or HEROES Act, was not taken up by the Senate. At the time, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) suggested that the timing was not right for another bill. But with just a few days to go before federal unemployment benefits run out, that appears to have changed.

You might be looking for the “HEALS Act” (Health, Economic Assistance, Liability Protection, and Schools Act) being put together under Sen. McConnell’s watch. So far, there is no single bill, but rather a series of proposals. Various committee chairs have drafted their proposals and introduced them separately on the Senate floor.

This article focuses on the American Workers, Families and Employers Assistance Act introduced by Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-IA) targeting well, workers, families and employers assistance. It’s a much smaller proposal than the full CARES Act (and the HEROES Act), weighing in at just 168 pages – but remember, it’s just a piece of the overall package. A supplemental proposal, led by Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) and Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME), tackles the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) and business tax incentives (I’ll have more on that separately).

Here’s what Sen. Grassley’s proposal provides:

Unemployment Benefits. The $600/week federal supplement for unemployment is slated to end on July 31, 2020, under the CARES Act. The House HEROES Act would extend it through January 31, 2021, and expand other unemployment-related benefits. The Senate proposal would continue payments up through October 5, 2020, but at a reduced rate of $200/week. However, beginning in October, under the Senate bill, the payments would increase so that, when combined with the state unemployment payment, it would represent 70% of lost wages. If an individual state cannot bring the total to 70%, the state can suggest an alternative and get a waiver from the Secretary of Labor. Also, beginning in October, the additional payment would be considered income for determining eligibility for other benefits.

State Funding. The proposal would provide funding to reimburse states for 80% of their increased costs of providing cash assistance and other short-term help through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, up to a cap of $2 billion. TANF provides families with financial assistance and related support services. State-administered programs may include childcare assistance, job preparation, and work assistance.

Stimulus Checks. Under the CARES Act, U.S. citizens and residents with adjusted gross income up to $75,000, or $150,000 for married couples (subject to phaseouts), who are not a dependent of another taxpayer and have a work-eligible Social Security number (SSN), were eligible for stimulus checks worth $1,200 per adult and $500 per dependent. As before, there is no “bottom,” so those folks who have no income are eligible. And as before – but in breaking with the HEROES Act – anyone with an ITIN is ineligible; any person with an SSN married who files jointly with a person who has an ITIN remains ineligible. The Senate proposal largely mirrors the CARES Act with some exceptions:

  • Under the CARES Act, for purposes of getting the $500 per child, the law used the same definition for a child as you’d use for the child tax credit. The sticking point for most parents for this purpose was the age: the child must be under age 17 at the end of the tax year. That meant that taxpayers were not entitled to receive the $500 additional payment for a child above the age of 16, even if they lived with you, ate your food, spent your money and slept in your house. A change was included in the House HEROES Act and the Senate proposal to allow taxpayers with dependents of any age to receive checks.
  • As with the HEROES Act, the Senate proposal would make clear that payments should be automatic for those receiving Social Security retirement or disability benefits (SSDI), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), RRB, or VA benefits
  • The CARES Act provided that checks were generally not subject to offset except for past due child support payments. As in the HEROES Act, the Senate proposal would clarify that the checks are protected from bank garnishment or levy by private creditors or debt collectors. This protection would also be applied retroactively to the CARES Act checks (in keeping with this Senate bill) although it remains unclear how the retroactive provisions would work; as before, I assume it will only apply to any CARES stimulus checks which have not yet been paid out, as well as new checks.
  • And even though Congress didn’t include any language in the CARES prohibiting the payment of checks to decedents and prisoners – and Treasury decided to take those payments away anyway – this time, the Senate proposal did include such language. Under the Senate proposal, any decedent who died before January 1, 2020, any person in jail at the time Treasury processes the check or any individual in prison for all of 2020, may not receive a check. This language is also retroactive to the CARES Act checks.
  • One of the points of confusion under the CARES Act was whether representative payees of Social Security (SSA), Veterans Affairs (VA), and Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) benefits could accept payment. As in the HEROES Act, the Senate proposal clarifies that a representative payee may accept a check provided that the representative payee used the payment for the beneficiary.

Payroll Tax Credits & Deferrals. Employers would be allowed a payroll tax credit equal to the applicable percentage of the qualified pandemic-related employee benefit expenses. The amount allowed as a credit under the Employee Retention Credit (ERC) is 50% of wages. The Senate proposal would boost that to 65% (as compared to 80% in the HEROES Act), and the $10,000 cap for all quarters would be increased to $10,000 per quarter, with a cap of $30,000 for the year (the limit was $45,000 in the HEROES Act); phase-ins would also apply for the credit reduction. A similar credit would apply to self-employed persons, but at the other end, the credit was figured differently for employers with more than 100 full-time employees: the Senate proposal would boost that cap to 500. Under the HEROES Act and the Senate proposal, a credit would be allowable for fixed expenses. Payroll tax deferrals would be allowed for recipients of Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loans so long as there is no double-dipping.

Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) Addition. The WOTC credit is available to employers who hire individuals from certain targeted groups who have consistently faced significant employment barriers. Those targeted groups currently are TANF recipients, qualified veterans, qualified ex-felons, designated community residents; vocational rehabilitation referrals; SNAP recipients, SSI recipients, long-term family assistance recipients, and qualified long-term unemployment recipients. The Senate proposal would add a new group: 2020 qualified COVID-19 unemployment recipients. A 2020 qualified COVID-19 unemployment recipient is defined as someone who had been receiving unemployment compensation before the hiring date and who begins work after the date the bill becomes law (if it happens), but before January 1, 2021. The Senate proposal also increases the credit amount applicable to the new targeted group to 50% of the first $10,000 of qualified first-year wages (for most target groups, the maximum wages that are eligible for WOTC credit are $6,000, and the credit is 40%).

Safe & Healthy Workplace Tax Credit. The Senate proposal would introduce a new, refundable payroll tax credit equal to 50% of an employer’s “qualified employee protection expenses” for the period beginning March 12, 2020, and through January 1, 2021. Those expenses would include COVID-19 testing, protective personal equipment (PPE), cleaning supplies, qualified workplace reconfiguration expenses (like those plexiglass shields that are popping up), and “qualified workplace technology expenses (like contactless point-of-sale (POS) systems). The expenses would be capped each quarter based on the average number of employees: $1,000 for each of the first 500 employees, plus $750 for each of the next 500 and 1000 employees, and $500 for each employee over 1,000. Self-employed persons would also qualify.

Assistance For Independent Contractors. Typically, the assistance provided to workers can be used as evidence of control (and thus risk converting an independent contractor into an employee) The Senate proposal would allow businesses to offer tax-free assistance – including financial aid and health care expenses – to independent contractors without jeopardizing that status.

Temporary Carryover For Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs). Mirroring relief found in the HEROES Act, the Senate proposal would allow taxpayers to carry amounts from FSAs forward into 2021. This would apply to FSAs for health care and dependent care.

State Tax Certainty. One of the concerns raised during the pandemic was how to assess state and local taxes for workers working remotely. The Senate proposal would allow employees who perform employment duties in multiple states to only be subject to income tax in their state of residence and any jurisdiction where the employee is present and performing employment duties for more than 30 days during the calendar year (90 days for frontline health-care and other workers). This provision would apply through 2024. And sorry, Phillies, this won’t apply to professional athletes, professional entertainers, qualified approved film, television or other commercial video production employees, or certain public figures.


PPP Expansion & Fixes Part Of Senate Stimulus Bill

In March of 2020, the Senate passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act or the CARES Act. It was bigger than the original Senate proposal but smaller than the subsequent House proposal. Eventually, the two reconciled, and the CARES Act became law.

In May of 2020, the House introduced a new COVID-19 economic relief proposal. The bill, known as the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act, or HEROES Act, was not taken up by the Senate. At the time, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) suggested that the timing was not right for another bill. But with just a few days to go before federal unemployment benefits run out, that appears to have changed.

You might be looking for the “HEALS Act” (Health, Economic Assistance, Liability Protection, and Schools Act) being put together under Sen. McConnell’s watch. So far, there is no single bill, but rather a series of proposals. Various committee chairs have drafted their proposals and introduced them separately on the Senate floor.

This article focuses on the Continuing Small Business Recovery and Paycheck Protection Program Act introduced by Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) and Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME). It’s just 92 pages long.

Here are some highlights of what the Rubio/Collins proposal, which focuses almost exclusively on the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), includes:

Additional PPP Expenses. One of the criticisms of the PPP was that it was limited. Of course, that was also the intent (to get folks back on the payroll), but as businesses remain closed due to COVID-19, there has been a clamour to increase the pool of expenses to qualify for forgiveness. The Senate proposal would extend those expenses to pay for any software, cloud computing, human resources, payroll, billing and accounting; costs related to “property damage and vandalism or looting due to public disturbances” that occurred during 2020 not covered by insurance; supplier costs; and worker protection related to social distancing, sanitation or other safety requirements.

Lender Safe Harbor. Another concern raised in the PPP focused on those certifications. The Senate proposal clarifies that lenders may rely on loan certification or documentation submitted by borrowers. No enforcement action will be taken against a lender who, in good faith, relied on that documentation.

Covered Period For Forgiveness. Previously, the covered period time frame was fixed and inflexible. The Senate proposal would extend the covered period and allow the borrower to elect a covered period between eight weeks after origination and December 31, 2020.

PPP Second Draw Loans. Some businesses have claimed that they have exhausted their funds because they didn’t know how much they would be affected by the COVID crisis. The Senate proposal would allow the hardest-hit small business owners to receive a second PPP loan – and still qualify for forgiveness. Under the proposal, an eligible business must have 300 or fewer employees and demonstrate at least a 50% reduction in gross receipts in the first or second quarter of 2020 relative to the same quarter in 2019.

Businesses that would not qualify include publicly-traded companies, those businesses which are excluded under 13 CFR 120.110 except for those otherwise made eligible by statute or guidance, businesses in financial services which have already received a PPP loan, and entities affiliated with entities in the People’s Republic of China.

Businesses can borrow up to 2.5 times the average monthly payroll costs in the one year before the loan, up to $2 million (new businesses can figure 2.5x the sum of total monthly payments divided by the total number of months in which payments were made).

Businesses who borrow under a second PPP loan would be eligible for loan forgiveness equal to the sum of their payroll costs, mortgage, rent, utility payments, operations expenditures, property damage costs, supplier costs, and worker protection expenses incurred through 2020. The 60/40 split between payroll and non-payroll for forgiveness still applies.

And in a clear nod to complaints that small businesses didn’t get a fair shot, the Senate proposal will set aside $25 billion companies employing 10 or fewer employees. 

PPP Loan Caps, Generally. Worried about those caps moving again? The Senate proposal officially reduces the maximum amount borrowers may receive under the first round of PPP funding from $10 million to $2 million.

Ch-Ch-Changes. One of the clear frustrations about PPP loans has been continually changing – and unpredictable – guidance. The Senate proposal allows borrowers eligible for a bigger loan as a result of “any interim final rule that allows for covered loan increases” to ask for an increase even if the initial covered loan amount has been fully disbursed, or if the lender has already submitted a Form 1502 report related to the covered loan.

PPP Targets. The Senate proposal creates specific PPP loan calculations for certain farmers and ranchers, allowing lenders to recalculate previously approved loans. It would also enable Farm Credit System Institutions to make PPP loans, and it would improve terms of 7(a) loans for seasonal businesses and businesses located in small business low-income census tracts.

501(c)(6) Organizations. Section 501(c)(6) organizations are business leagues, chambers of commerce, real-estate boards, boards of trade, or professional football leagues, not organized for profit and no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. The Senate proposal would expand eligibility to include 501(c)(6) organizations – with some restrictions, generally related to size and lobbying. (And if you’re scratching your head trying to remember, yes, the National Football League (NFL) used to be a 501(c)(6) organization but gave it up in 2015.)

Lobbying Restrictions. The Senate proposal doubles down on lobbying, banning any borrower from using PPP loans for lobbying.

Conflicts of Interest. Many taxpayers weren’t happy to learn that PPP loans went to companies with ties to members of Congress and the Executive Branch. The Senate proposal would require the President, Vice President, the head of an Executive department, or a Member of Congress and their respective spouses, children, sons and daughters-in-law to make disclosures. That’s not as far as the HEROES Act would go, which would ban some kinds of related loans altogether.

And that’s a general summary of the Rubio/Collins proposal. Remember, this is just a proposal: it’s not guidance, interim, final or otherwise. Keep checking back for details.

Three Reasons Democrats Won’t Pass The HEALS Act

Senate Republicans Monday unveiled their proposal for the next round of federal coronavirus aid—the Heath, Economic Assistance, Liability Protection and Schools (HEALS) Act—but they still need to come to an agreement with Democrats on the package. Here’s where negotiations might get stuck.

First, the GOP plan doesn’t include any new federal relief funds for state and local governments—a major priority for Democrats, who proposed spending more than $1 trillion in additional state aid as part of the Heroes Act passed by the House (but rejected by the Senate) in May.

Instead, the proposal offers more flexibility in spending the $150 billion already allotted to states and municipalities by the CARES Act in March.

Second, the HEALS Act would eliminate the extra $600 per week in federal unemployment benefits, which expires at the end of the week, and replace it with a program that would subsidize 70% of workers’ lost wages; part of that plan would involve reducing the checks to $200 per week until states can make the shift. After the shift, the payment would be capped at $500 or 70%, whichever is lower.

Democrats are highly focused on maintaining comprehensive unemployment benefits during the pandemic and are concerned that overwhelmed state unemployment offices will not be able to switch over to the new plan; House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) said maintaining the $600 benefits will be her starting point in negotiations with the GOP, according to the Washington Post.

Third, the HEALS Act will also include a five-year liability shield to protect businesses, healthcare providers, and schools from lawsuits brought by workers and employees related to the coronavirus.


Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) took particular issue with the GOP unemployment plan on the Senate floor on Monday, calling it “unworkable” because it would cut federal unemployment aid by 30%.


The HEALS Act also includes several elements Democrats generally support, including a second round of stimulus checks and more aid for small businesses through the Paycheck Protection Program.


The GOP’s proposal comes after a week of tense negotiations with the Trump Administration and two months after the Democratic-led House of Representatives passed its own relief proposal, the Heroes Act, in May. With just days until Congress breaks for its August recess and several key benefits of the CARES Act on the brink of expiration, lawmakers are struggling to come to a compromise on what the next phase of federal relief should look like. Meanwhile, some 30 million people are unemployed and dependent on federal assistance.

Native Americans to protest against Trump Trip to Mount Rushmore

Activists have taken issue with the South Dakota monument to former US presidents, which has been constructed on land sacred to the Sioux tribe.

Mr. Trump will deliver fighter jets and fireworks to Mount Rushmore about 3 July because his campaigning tour persists.

The contentious trip comes amid heightened racial tensions nationally.

However, the land the memorial is based on – the Black Hills of South Dakota – has been obtained in the native Lakota Sioux by the US authorities from the 1800s.

Some Native American activists say the land ought to be returned to the Sioux and the monument brought down. Other people state native groups should get economic benefits from tourism to the website.

Oglala Sioux President Julian Bear Runner advised that the Argus Leader newspaper that Mr. Trump didn’t consult with tribal leaders in his trip.

Still, another tribe member and neighborhood activist Nick Tilsen told the Associated Press that the monument” is a symbol of white supremacy, of structural racism that is alive and well in society now”.

“It is an injustice to steal Indigenous people’s land then split the white faces of those conquerors who perpetrated genocide.”

The row over Mr. Trump’s trip comes as, around the united states, statues of leaders who have ties to captivity have come down from the aftermath of this George Floyd protests.

The president is expected soon to sign an executive order to earn any vandalism or destruction of people statues and national monuments punishable by prison time.

On Thursday evening also told a Fox News town hall in Green Bay, Wisconsin: “Every night we are likely to get harder and harder [on statue protesters] and at some stage, there will be retribution since there must be.

“These people are vandals, however, they are agitators, but they are really, they are terrorists in ways.”

Monuments to George Washington and Thomas Jefferson – that owned slaves – are one of the ones which were eliminated or torn down.

A statue of Theodore Roosevelt, including the former president flanked by a Native American man and an African guy, at New York is also to be eliminated – a strategy Mr. Trump is known as”ridiculous”.

However, South Dakota’s Republican Governor Kristi Noem refused the idea that Mount Rushmore will be following, tweeting: “Not on my watch”

Mr. Trump’s planned trip made headlines earlier this month for his choice to sponsor the very first fireworks at Mount Rushmore in over ten years, despite environmental issues.

The monument is surrounded by a federal forest and some fear the screen can set off wildfires from the dry brush.

Next Stimulus Package Released Today: $1,200 Stimulus Check, Reduced Unemployment Aid In HEALS Act

The Senate returned last Monday after weeks of speculation about what could be in the next stimulus bill, we have our first concrete signs of what Senate Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) is calling the HEALS Act – the Health, Economic Assistance Liability Protection & Schools Act. It had been previously called the Cares 2 Act and several Senators have referred to the bill as the Cares 2 Act in remarks.

To set the stage, remember that the Democrats in the House of Representatives passed the Heroes Act in May. It was largely seen as too expensive, costing over $3 trillion. The bill to be presented by Senator McConnell is expected to be around $1 trillion.

That’s a big gap they need to cross during a short window for negotiations. Early in the negotiation process, there was dissent between even the White House and Senate Republicans over many aspects of the bill.

For example, President Trump had been very supportive of a payroll tax cut and a second stimulus check. Senate Republicans concerned about the price tag of the bill have insisted that including both a payroll tax cut and a second stimulus check would be too high.

But in the first week of negotiations, it appears that an agreement has been reached in principle including financial assistance to schools, funding towards testing and tracing, and favouring a stimulus check over a payroll tax cut.

This, however, does not include the support of the Senate or House Democrats… yet.

The Proposal Was Presented by Multiple Senators

In a floor speech last week, Senator McConnell named eight of his fellow Senators and explained who would be presenting each component of the bill. It’s not clear yet if these will be separate bills or different parts of a single bill. Breaking up the stimulus package into multiple bills something that House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) has said she opposes.

As for today, Senators are currently presenting different parts of the bill and you can watch along as the Senate broadcasts are floor proceedings online:

Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA), Chairman of the Committee on Finance, will spearhead the aspects of the proposal that deal with jobs and the economy – including the next round of stimulus checks. This will also include how the next round of federal unemployment benefits will be implemented.

Senator Marco Rubio (R-FL), Chairman of the Small Business Committee, and Senator Susan Collins (R-ME) have presented a “sequel” to the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). They previously proposed the Keeping American Workers Paid and Employed Act in March and that could give us a preview of what would be in a sequel to the PPP.

Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN), Chairman of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, along with Senator Roy Blunt (R-MO) and Senator Richard Shelby (R-AL) would present the funding package for schools and universities.

Senator Mitt Romney (R-UT) would include a bill that would “help a future Congress evaluate bipartisan proposals for protecting and strengthening the programs that Americans count on.” This bi-partisan bill was recently sponsored by Senator Romney and is the S. 2733 – TRUST Act which establishes “congressional rescue committees to develop recommendations and legislation to improve critical social contract programs.” This is exactly what Senator Romney presented today.

Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) was named in the Thursday speech but Senator McConnell did not elaborate on his role in the proposals until Monday. Today, Senator Cornyn presented the liability shield for businesses, schools, and more.

Senator Tim Scott (R-SC) was not named by Senator McConnell last Thursday but in a floor speech on Monday, he presented a plan to increase the business meal deduction amount from 50% to 100%.

If you want to watch along, the Senate broadcasts all its floor proceedings online. You listen to Senator McConnell discuss this package on July 23rd at the 6 hour and 38-minute mark of the archived video footage.

Second $1,200 Stimulus Check

In a floor speech today, Senator Alexander explained that the next stimulus check will be a $1,200 one-time payment to all Americans who earn less than $75,000 including $500 for each dependent with no age restriction. This was confirmed in the proposed bill text. The Cares Act only allowed $500 per dependent for those under 17 years of age.

Joint filers would get $2,400 for those who earned less than $150,000. If you earn more than those amounts, your stimulus check will be reduced by 5% of your adjusted gross income above those limits. The check itself would be structured similar to the first one, as an advance on a refundable tax credit.

The bill would use a taxpayer’s 2019 tax return if they filed or 2018 as an alternative.

For insight on how Democrats would respond to this proposal, we can turn to the Heroes Act that was passed by the House of Representatives in mid-May.

The Heroes Act offered a similar check to the Cares Act – a $1,200 per person payment ($2,400 for joint filers) to those who earned less than $75,000 ($150,000 for joint filers) with a 5% phase-out for those earning more than the limit. It increased the amount for dependents to $1,200 and included all dependents, up to three per household.

Reduced Unemployment Benefits

The American Workers, Families, and Employers Assistance Act would continue $200 per week of enhanced federal unemployment benefits through September.

Then it would be replaced with a payment of up to $500 that, when added to the state unemployment benefit, would be limited to 70% of lost wages.

The National Association of State Workforce Agencies said that it would take more weeks 8-20 weeks to implement this type of system based on a percentage of wages, according to a memo obtained by NPR.

This is significantly lower than the $600 per week benefit offered in the Heroes Act, which was an extension of the unemployment benefits created in the Cares Act.

No Moratorium on Evictions

The Cares Act put a moratorium on evictions that applied to buildings with a mortgage backed by the government. Landlords of those buildings were also not allowed to initiate eviction proceedings or charge additional fees or penalties for nonpayment of rent. Renters are still required to pay rent during the eviction grace period and may face repercussions for nonpayment, including eviction after the moratorium ends.

That moratorium expired on July 24th and on CNN’s “State of the Union,” Kudlow also said that moratorium would be extended in the next package – but it was not mentioned by any Senator.

No Additional Aid to States

I expected the proposal will not add additional funding to state and local governments but instead offer flexibility to the funds already allocated by the Cares Act. It may allow state and local governments to use Cares Act funding to make up for those lost revenues with some restrictions – such as states cannot use the funds for pensions or retirement benefits, to replenish a “rainy day fund.”

This is what was included in a draft proposal shared by the New York Times – the proposal also said that they “expect to get some added in negotiations.”

In the Heroes Act, House Democrats included approximately a $1 trillion aid to state and local governments impacted by the coronavirus. With so many areas shut down, tax revenues have gone down sharply and this funding was meant to help deal with that shortfall.

Adding more funding was a top priority of Democrats and so this sets up a big showdown in the final bill.

School Aid

Senator Shelby outlined the parts of the bill that covered aid for schools.

Approximately $105 billion will go towards the Department of Education. $70 billion will go to K-12 and $29 to higher education. An additional $5 billion will go towards Governor’s funds to be designated for either K-12 or higher education.

Some of the funding would only be available to schools that physically reopen.

The Cares Act created an Education Stabilization Fund of $30.75 billion of which Congress set aside $3 billion for the Governor’s Emergency Education Relief Fund.

Student Loan Relief

The Cares Act provided student loan relief in the form of forbearance on federal student loans. From March 13th, 2020 through September 30th, 2020, all student loan payments to federal student loans were stopped and their interest rates were temporarily set to 0%. They were put in administrative forbearance.

This meant that during this period, your loan balance would not change, you would not be charged interest or assessed any penalties, and the Cares Act just pressed paused on your loans.

Senator Alexander returned to propose student loan relief to propose the Safely Back to School Act, which includes ideas he first proposed in Student Loan Repayment and FAFSA Simplication Act. The hallmarks of this bill, as it relates to student loans, is that if you have no income, you have no monthly payment. If you are earning an income, your monthly payment will never be greater than 10% of your income after necessities such as housing and food.

5-Year Liability Shield

Senator McConnell has said he wants to see a five-year liability shield for businesses, non-profits, schools, medical providers and professionals dating back to the start of the year. This would protect them from “frivolous” lawsuits arising from the pandemic as long as they made a “good faith effort” to comply.

Senator John Cornyn released the Safeguarding America’s Frontline Employees To Offer Work Opportunities Required to Kickstart the Economy (SAFE TO WORK) Act that you can read here. It would provide protections from December 1, 2019, through October 1, 2024.

The law would require that a plaintiff prove that the defendant was “grossly negligent” or “willful in their misconduct.” The plaintiff would also have to show that the defendant violated the relevant local public health guidelines at the time of the incident.

This won’t necessarily have a direct financial impact for many Americans but it does create a point of contention with Democrats, who called for more OHSA regulation in the Heroes Act and is another speed bump in getting the bill passed.

Return to Work Bonuses

Several Republican lawmakers proposed “return to work” bonuses, including Senator Rob Portman (R-OH) and Representative Kevin Brady (R-TX). They saw enhanced unemployment benefits as a disincentive to return to work and a “return to work” bonus was seen as a way to add stimulus without the moral hazard. Both proposals would pay the employee a bonus for returning to work.

The Cares Act created an Employee Retention Tax Credit equal to 50% of qualified wages paid to an employee until January 2021 with a limit of $10,000 in wages per employees. This means the tax credit is limited to $5,000 per employee.

The American Workers, Families, and Employers Assistance Act increases the percentage of qualified wages reimbursed from 50% to 65% and increased the limitation from $10,000 per employee per year to $10,000 per employee per quarter.

There is also a work opportunity tax credit that provides a credit to employers who hire individuals in one of ten targeted groups – it now includes qualified Covid-19 unemployment recipients.

It’s important to note that these are tax benefits offered to businesses, not directly to employees.

Payroll Tax Cut

President Trump had repeatedly called for a payroll tax cut and in a recent interview with Chris Wallace on “Fox News Sunday,” he said that he may not sign a stimulus bill if it doesn’t include a payroll tax cut.

The payroll tax cut was a priority for the White House but it didn’t have a lot of support from Republicans. It will not be included in the next stimulus package.

Top State Department official resigns in protest of Trump’s Answer to racial tensions in the Nation

A senior State Department official who has functioned at the Trump administration because it’s very first afternoon is resigning over President Trump’s current handling of racial tensions throughout the nation — stating that the president’s activities”cut aggressively against my core values and convictions.”

Taylor’s five-paragraph resignation letter, obtained by The Washington Post, functions as an indictment of Trump’s stewardship at a time of nationwide unrest from among the government’s highest-ranking African Americans and an aide that had been seen as faithful and successful in serving his presidency.

“Seconds of upheaval can alter you, change the trajectory of your daily life, and mold your personality.

Taylor, 30, was confirmed to her place in October 2018 and will be the youngest assistant secretary of state for legislative affairs in the first black woman to serve in that article.

She’s been a critical all-purpose figure in the government. Tapped because of her legislative experience and robust relationship with senators due to her job for Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.)

Within her White House function, she helped shepherd over 400 presidential appointments during the Senate, such as the ones of Supreme Court Justice Neil M. Gorsuch, CIA Director Gina Haspel, Federal Reserve Chair Jerome H. Powell, and Pompeo.

Taylor’s choice to depart the government amid the racial tensions flaring nationwide seems to be the very first high-profile resignation created in protest of the president’s activities which were made public. 1 member of the Defense Science Board, James N. Miller, submitted his resignation to Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper shortly following Trump’s contentious photo op at Lafayette Square, however, he had been a former Obama government officials who had served on the committee which advises the Pentagon on mathematics problems because 2014.

By comparison, Taylor has been regarded as a loyal member of this government and is a lifelong member of the Republican Party. The White House didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.

Gorsuch administered Taylor’s oath of office in her swearing-in service in December 2018 in the State Department.

“I’m profoundly grateful to you, Mr. Secretary, for enabling me to direct this group and advise you over the past two decades,” Taylor wrote in the resignation letter she submitted to Pompeo. “You’ve demonstrated respect and grace in listening to my remarks, along with your remarkable leadership has made me a much better leader and staff member. I love that you know my powerful loyalty for my personal values and convictions, especially in light of recent events”

Before joining the government, Taylor was an aide to McConnell where she was employed as a member of the cloakroom personnel helping oversee legislative discussions on the ground. She’s a family with a history of public support; her mum, Kristin Clark Taylor, functioned as the White House’s manager of press relations under President George H.W. Bush and has been the first black woman to hold this job.

“Leader McConnell enjoys Mary Elizabeth’s support to the Republican Convention as well as our country,” David Popp, ” a spokesman for McConnell, stated Thursday.

, the Senate’s only black Republican, in the wake of the lethal white supremacist rally in Charlottesville in August 2017. Trump attracted widespread rebukes due to his remark that there have been”very handsome individuals on either side” of the rally.

During that meeting, Scott, that directs one of the very varied staffs at the Senate, implored the president who had very little racial diversity on his team — to appoint more people like Taylor into the White House, based on an Axios report at the moment.

The White House has come under significant criticism following national authorities forcefully sailed away peaceful demonstrators protesting Floyd’s passing at Lafayette Square across the street from the White House. This cleared a route for Trump to walk a few hundred yards into the iconic St. John’s Church, in which he held a Bible and posed for photos. The White House has denied that the protesters were eliminated so that the president could hold a photo op.

Since protests started to split in Minneapolis,” Trump tweeted”if the looting begins, the shooting begins” — a term connected with police tactics used against protesters during the civil rights era.

His effort also scheduled Trump’s first rally in weeks on June 19, the Juneteenth holiday that marks the ending of slavery in the USA, in Tulsa — the website of a mortal race massacre in 1921. At a Wall Street Journal interview released Thursday, Trump maintained that”nobody had ever heard of” Juneteenth before he popularized it moved the rally after studying what the day represented from black partners.

“I did something great. I made it renowned. I made Juneteenth quite famous. It is really a significant event, it is a significant time,” he told the Journal. Not many individuals know of it. I’d political men and women who had no thought.”

Trump also has insisted on maintaining military foundations named after Confederate army characters, even as his own defense leaders and Republican senators on Capitol Hill indicate a willingness to changing the titles amid forecasts it is racist to honor leaders that fought to protect slavery.

On June 3, Taylor delivered a message to her group of approximately 60 State Department workers, confessing that in the wake of Floyd’s passing her heart” is broken, in a means where I have needed to cure it hundreds of times.”

“George Floyd’s dreadful murder and the deaths of other Black Americans have shaken our country during its core. Every time we see those heinous, murderous events, we’re reminded that our nation’s wounds run deep and stay untreated,” Taylor wrote in her notice, also obtained by The Post. “For our staff members that are hurting at the moment, please know you’re not alone. You’re seen, recognized, learned, and encouraged. I’m right here with you”